Sevda Efil
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Sevda Turen
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Elif Demir
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Canakkale, Turkey
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul Arel University, Istanbul, Türkiye
Cardiology Department, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic And Cardiovascular Surgery Training Research Hospital, Health Sciences University, Istanbul, Turkey
Received: 8 December 2022 / Revised: 3 January 2023 / Accepted: 4 January 2023 / Published: 25 March 2023


Introduction and aim. The fear experienced by nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic may threaten patient safety. This study was conducted with the aim of examining nurses’ COVID-19 fears and attitudes to patient safety in the pandemic.

Material and methods. The research had a descriptive and cross-sectional design. The research sample consisted of 245 nurses working at a teaching and research hospital in Istanbul, Turkey’s most populous province. Research data were collected in June–July 2021. A Nurse Characteristics Form, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and the Patient Safety Attitude Questionnaire were used to collect data. The data evaluation was performed using descriptive statistics, Student t test, one-way variance (ANOVA), and Pearson correlation analysis.

Results. The nurses’ mean score for fear of COVID-19 was 16.67±6.88, and their mean score for patient safety attitude was 141.70±27.78. Their COVID-19 fear levels and mean patient safety attitude scores were found to differ according to their intention to leave the job, their education on COVID-19 and their age.

Conclusion. Nurses’ experiencing of physical, social and psychological problems relating to the COVID-19 pandemic should be followed up in the long term.



Efil S, Turen S, Demir E. Nurses’ COVID-19 fears and patient safety attitudes in the pandemic. Eur J Clin Exp Med. 2023;21(1):19– 26. doi: 10.15584/ejcem.2023.1.3.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited