Natalia Wilczek
ID
 Email src
Julia Bogucka
ID
Anna Brzyska
ID
 Email src
Wiktoria Sielwanowska
ID
Bartłomiej Syzdoł
ID
Halina Piecewicz-Szczęsna
ID
Student Research Group at the Chair and Department of Epidemiology and Clinical Research Methodology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Students’ Scientific Association at the Chair and Department of Epidemiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Students’ Scientific Association at the Chair and Department of Epidemiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Student Research Group at the Chair and Department of Epidemiology and Clinical Research Methodology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Department of Child Neurology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Chair and Department of Epidemiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Received: 24 August 2023 / Revised: 13 September 2023 / Accepted: 13 September 2023 / Published: 30 December 2023

Abstract

Introduction and aim. Nowadays, almost 4% of people in the world suffer from depressive disorders, and the forecasts of further increase in incidence are alarming. The disease is debilitating and can lead to suicide, and available treatments are still imperfect. The aim of the study was to review the literature and present the potential role of the gut microbiota in the development of depression and to consider the use of prebiotics and probiotics as one of the therapeutic options in this disease.

Material and methods. Review of articles published on PubMed since 2015.

Analysis of the literature. The available reports point to a relationship between disturbances in the composition of the intestinal flora and the development of depressive disorders. In addition, more and more studies indicate the benefits of the influence on mood and clinical improvement, observed when using psychobiotics as an adjuvant treatment of depression, as well as monotherapy.

Conclusion. Further research is needed in this area, especially in humans, to gain a deeper understanding of the role of the gut microbiota in depression and the promising use of psychobiotics for its treatment.

 

Cite

Wilczek N, Bogucka J, Brzyska A, Sielwanowska W, Syzdoł B, Piecewicz-Szczęsna H. The gut microbiota in development and treatment of depression. Eur J Clin Exp Med. 2023;21(4):887–895. doi: 10.15584/ejcem.2023.4.23

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited